Hair forms a valuable part of the physical appearance of individuals. In some people, external appearance and negative intentions due to hair loss cause mental distress and affect the quality of life.
The most common cause of hair loss is male pattern hair loss called androgenetic alopecia. Here, there is a shrinkage in the hair sockets prone to baldness, triggered by the male hormone. It can be seen in both sexes in men and women. But it happens in different styles and clinical landscapes.
Hair loss in women can be seen at any time after puberty. However, it usually becomes more evident after childbirth, during the menopause period. In some individuals, widespread hair loss may cause a decrease in hair density on the entire scalp. However, in many cases it does not result in complete baldness. In men, androgenetic alopecia starts from the forehead hairline, thinning of the hair in the apex area occurs.
Although the cause of hair loss is attributed to an obvious genetic transition, the most common causes of hair loss are:
-Endocrine Diseases: Thyroid gland diseases (Hypo/hyperthyroidism), postpartum period, menopause and postmenopausal period, pregnancy, diabetes (diabetes)
-Nutrition disorders: Biotin, iron, protein, zinc deficiency, calorie-restrictive diets.
-Medicines: Birth control pills, multi-vitamin A, some fungicides, anticoagulants, interferon, lithium, retinoids, etc.
-Systemic diseases (cancers, liver diseases, infectious diseases, etc.)
-Mechanical processes: Frequent blow-drying, poor brushing, pulling hair)
-Chemical operations (inappropriate shampoo, dye, perm, bleaching operations)
-Sea water, sun rays, chlorine in pool water damage the hair structure.
Healthy hair is soft, shiny and easy to use because of the keratin layer that surrounds it. If the damaged hair is left to itself for various reasons, this damage gradually accumulates and the hair falls out. Then, new hair comes back in its place in the natural cycle of the hair. It is inevitable that the hair will normally suffer some damage. But regular hair care and proper use of hair cosmetics help reduce this damage. However, a dermatologist should be consulted when necessary.
Not only hair loss, but also hair breakage, drying or excessive oiliness, split ends, decrease in the shine of the hair, etc. Problems in the hair can be a symptom of important diseases and sometimes even systemic diseases.
Normal hair care
Hair is a multi-layered, highly complex biological structure formed by the molecules called keratin sticking together with tight bonds. Keratin molecules contain many amino acids such as cysteine, serine, and arginine. Hair contains oils other than keratin proteins and 20% water. The structure, elongation and development of the hair, which is a biological structure, is affected by nutrition, especially the adequate intake of protein and vitamins with food, hormones. The prerequisite for the maintenance of normal hair is a systematic diet that meets the protein and vitamin needs and a life style in accordance with general health rules. It is known that smoking damages the health of the hair as well as the damage to the general health.
For the purity of the hair, water at a temperature that will not destroy the keratin structure should be used. Shampoos with skin pH should be used. Shampoo duration should not exceed one or two minutes. Warm air should be used while drying the hair. On long, wavy or hardened hair, conditioner applications provide slipperiness on the hair surface and reduce the breakage on the hair surface.
Healthy hair is shiny, smooth and easy to style. Hair may lose its health in cases such as genetic factors, age, cosmetic applications, malnutrition, tension and deterioration of hormonal stability.
Dry hair causes and care
Dry hair is used to describe hair that lacks sufficient moisture and oil content to maintain its usual shine and texture. Dry hair may occur due to excessive washing, harsh detergents, dry or different environment, improper diet or a group of underlying diseases.
The most common causes:
– Frequent washing, harsh detergents or alcohol, frequent drying
– Environmental dryness
– Prolonged unstable diets
– Due to certain drugs
Dry hair care:
-Hair should be washed less (once or twice a week)
-Add conditioner if needed
Frequent hair dryer and harsh brushing processes should be avoided.
Oily hair causes and care
Hair has always been a symbol of pleasantness. Hair oiling is also emerging as a problem for more than one person. Hair that gets greasy quickly affects the appearance as well as the feeling of pollution.
Formulas that can be applied to reduce scalp oiliness:
– Hair should be washed once a day. Shampoo should be left on the scalp by foaming for 5 minutes.
– Massage can be done during shampooing. Thus, more oil is removed from the hair.
– Cleansing shampoos with alcohol in their formula should be preferred.
– Hair should not be combed and brushed too often.
– Hair drying process should not be done with very hot air.
– It is necessary to get away from the tension