Eczema (dermatitis)

Eczema, which is called dermatitis in medicine, is actually the general name of a cluster of diseases that occur in different situations. It is commonly seen. It usually develops as a red rash and fluid collection. Over a long period of time, it can become a chronic disease in which the skin thickens and cracks.

Atopic eczema is a type of eczema that develops in allergic bodies. It starts with redness on the cheeks. In childhood, it usually progresses with various degrees of itching and dryness in the knees and elbows, on the face, in the length, and sometimes in the whole body. Longevity may continue with occasional exacerbations. Tension, some foods and drugs, infections can trigger atopic eczema. When considering this type of eczema, some blood tests can be done for the cause.

Contact dermatitis develops in some individuals with an allergic nature, when an element comes into contact with the skin. This condition is also called allergic eczematous contact dermatitis, that is, contact dermatitis. Soap, shampoos, cleaning agents, make-up tools, hair dye, perfume; leather, rubber, wool or synthetic clothing; Metals such as nickel and silver are the most allergenic elements. Symptoms that start about two days after contact with the allergic element may continue to increase in severity unless this element is detected and removed from the skin. In such patients, the causative agent is investigated by performing the patch test on the back.

Seborrheic eczema is a type of eczema that is seen with itching, redness and flaking on the scalp, behind the ears, face, back and chest in people with oily skin. Sometimes a type of fungal microbe, or sometimes a parasite living in the sebaceous glands, can cause symptoms to flare up. This type of eczema, which is also triggered by tension, may decrease and increase from time to time and may last a lifetime.

Measures
One of the most valuable measures to be taken in skin disease caused by these very different factors is to prevent the contact of irritants with the area in question as much as possible. It is useful to prefer dermatological cleaners instead of soap while taking a shower. Proper hydration of the skin is valuable in patients with dermatitis so that itching is also reduced. It is appropriate to carefully select moisturizing products in consultation with a dermatologist. Natural and cotton products that will not irritate the skin again can be preferred from clothes.

Treatment
For treatment purposes, ointments and creams are applied according to the doctor’s offer. Barrier creams that cut the contact with the allergen can be used. Apart from that, if fungi or bacteria are detected as a triggering factor, drugs can be given against these pathogens. When itching is at the forefront, drugs for this complaint can be used. If allergenic elements have been identified, it is important to avoid these issues.

In our clinic, eczema, like other skin diseases, is diagnosed by examining in detail and patient-specific treatment approaches are used.

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