Dry skin, wrinkles on the corners of the lips, and a gray-brown appearance on the face… All these are signs of how much you damage your skin by smoking and the first signals of an aged skin profile at younger ages… Smoking damages your skin more than the negative effects of the sun. .
The interest in revealing the factors affecting skin aging and thus its treatment is increasing day by day. Aging is the result of molecular changes. Many environmental factors have been identified that lead to these molecular changes. Metabolites and hormone levels of oral or airborne substances affect skin aging. Ultraviolet, air pollution, infections, smoking and some hormonal factors are the most valuable factors that accelerate the aging process.
Smoking ages your skin prematurely.
It has been determined that smokers have twice as many wrinkles as those who have never smoked in their lifetime. The changes made by cigarettes on the skin are not related to sunlight, age and weight changes; depends only on the duration and size of smoking. In a scientific study conducted on individuals aged 30-69 years, a positive interest was found between the number of packs smoked per year and the wrinkles on the face.
It is reported that smoking affects skin aging more than sun rays. There are publications stating that smoking also accelerates the photoaging process.
If you don’t want to have the “drinker face”
The typical “smoker’s face” in smokers, the lines perpendicular to the lip around the lip, wrinkles and pale lifeless dry skin on the face, and a collapsed face as a result of the prominence of the underlying bone protrusions are the sights we encounter frequently. This image is unfortunately; It is one-to-one with the image observed in the physiological aging process over the age of 70.
Cigaret; Depending on the nicotine in it, it causes a decrease in the water content in the upper layer of the skin (stratum corneum), causing the skin to look drier. Under the influence of a group of mechanical factors, wrinkles appear around the lips in relation to the facial muscles used while smoking. Changes in skin microvessels that occur in smokers cause local skin ischemia; This prevents the skin from being nourished and purified from toxins and causes damage to the skin. Smoking causes a gray-brown coloration on the skin with its constricting effect on the veins, as well as disrupting the blood flow and negatively affecting the wound healing. Decreased chronic oxygenation in the skin reduces collagen synthesis and causes obvious wrinkles. It has been shown that the elastic layer of the skin on the parts of the body that is not exposed to the sun in smokers is thicker and more modulus than in the non-smokers in the same age group. The appearance of unsystematic thickened skin that occurs in smokers is due to the thickening and fragmentation of these elastic fibers. The anti-estrogenic effects of smoking are known, such as infertility, early menopause, and menstrual irregularities. The physiological effects of estrogen on the skin are clearly seen in the postmenopausal period. A relative hypoestrogenic state occurs in smokers, which causes skin dryness and wrinkles.
Smoking reduces the level of vitamin A, therefore it facilitates the formation of wrinkles by reducing the protection against free radicals, which are the number one enemy of the cell.
A yellowish hair color appears due to tar in people with white or gray hair who smoke. While smoking, yellow-brown discoloration occurs on the fingers and nails where the cigarette is held. This finding is called the “nicotine symptom”. In smokers, the inside of the mouth is darker. In fact, stubborn, hard, unsystematic white layers that we call “leukoplakia” can form on the inner cheeks, which can cause cancer in the future.
If you care about your skin health, you should quit smoking.
Smoking is the most valuable risk factor for premature skin aging. In today’s world, where the average human lifespan is prolonged, the increase in the elderly population day by day leads to an increase in studies on the causes and analysis of skin aging. As in other fields of medicine, paying due attention to prevention methods is of primary importance in dealing with premature skin aging.
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