Diseases caused by the reproduction of fungal microbes in the body are called fungal diseases and are extremely common. Fungi, which reproduce more easily in hot and humid weather, can cause disease in all parts of the body, most often in the folds of the armpits and under the breasts, in the groin, in the middle of the fingers, and sometimes on the scalp and nails.
The disease may show very different symptoms depending on the region where it is located. These can be listed as:
Itching of the scalp, dandruff, hair loss or breakage
Acne-like symptoms in the beard area, beard loss
White sores inside the mouth, rusty appearance on the tongue
Cracks and watering in the corners of the lips
Red, white or milky brown spots on the trunk and dandruff
Bright red, watery, foul-smelling sores under the breasts and groin
Red spots on the feet, crusting, severe itching, bad odor, watering in the middle of the fingers, whitening
Redness, swelling, itching or discharge in the genital area
Condition and color changes in nails, chipping, breakage, purulent wound on nail bases
Itchy, red, sharp-edged, scaly patches on any part of the body
Shared clothes, shoes and slippers, sunbeds, even hats can transmit the fungus. Walking barefoot in the pool and hammam, and non-sterile manicure or pedicure can also cause the microbe to settle on the skin and nails. In addition, there are types of fungi that are transmitted from pets and soil, such as cats and dogs.
In order to make the diagnosis, it may be necessary to examine this scraping under a microscope by scraping a little from the skin, hair or nails. This way is absolutely necessary, especially for diagnosing nail fungus. Because nail fungus can very often be confused with other diseases that occur in the nails and can lead to unnecessary drug use for months with wrong diagnosis.
Fungal diseases are treated with creams and solutions more than once depending on the region they are located. In stubborn cases such as fungal disease on the scalp and nails, it may be necessary to use oral medication for a long time. However, special laser applications made in recent years can also treat nail fungus without using drugs. Thus, a definitive analysis can be reached without experiencing the side effects that may occur with the use of long-term oral medication.
Things to pay attention
Along with the treatment, there are rules to be observed. Although the disease is about to heal in 1-2 weeks, treatment should be continued for about 6 weeks on hair and skin, 2 months on fingernails, and 4 months on toenails. This bet is very valuable for full flourishing. In patients who cannot or do not want to use drugs, laser treatment is applied in 4-6 cycles. Another careful bet is that this area should not be left damp. Clothes, underwear and socks should be cotton and not sweaty. Towels, laundry, shoes and slippers should be properly disinfected. Clothes, shoes and slippers should not be shared with others.
Fungus causes deterioration of skin integrity and prepares a place for other diseases. In some cases, fungal disease may be a harbinger of a more valuable condition. For example, another disease that lowers body resistance, such as diabetes and anemia, may underlie. If necessary, the patient is also evaluated in this respect.
In our clinic, fungal diseases are diagnosed by examining in detail, and contemporary treatment approaches directed directly at the causative agent are used.