genital anomalies |

Genital Anomalies

Genital anomalies negatively affect sexual life as well as mental disorders, which are important problems for both male and female genders. It even prevents her from having children.

Genital Anomalies in Boys

These stylistic problems should be investigated and treated in a timely manner. Because it can negatively affect sexual life in later ages and cause infertility. The difference in the external genitalia depends on the male reproductive organ. Testicular development is organized by the region on the Y Chromosome that is responsible for the development of this organ.

Embryological, that is, until the 8th week of the formation process, organ development at a level that will show sexual markers is not completed. Because of this, it contains both the male genital canal called Wolf Canal and the female genital canal called Müller’s Canal. The secretion of cells preventing the formation of testosterone and female duct from the facilities in the cycle ensures that the entire genital system is completed on the male side. With the normal completion of this stage, a healthy boy is born. In females, since there is no testicle, no hormone is secreted that prevents the development of the Müller duct. For this reason, the genital system is on the female side.

A doctor should be consulted quickly in case of a change detected in the external genital system. If necessary, the doctor will be directed to a urologist.

Phimosis: It is the situation where the foreskin shrinks and forms a stenosis after circumcision or circumcision. True phimosis is rare and is caused by undervalued pacity and recurrent infection. In parallel, second phimosis often occurs. In babies, the head of the penis and the foreskin are not completely separated, and it continues until the 18th month. Attempting to pull this skin back by forcing by hand will cause significant damage. During beautification, the tissue produced by the body in this region shrinks and shrinks over time. It shows symptoms as redness, swelling and discharge. During the process, pain and fever develop. It should definitely be treated.

Paraphimosis: It is a condition that occurs as a result of the family not restoring the foreskin by pulling back. It squeezes the penis so much that the skin and the head of the penis enlarge and discomfort occurs. Redness and bruising occur. It should be treated as quickly as possible.

Hidden, Buried Penis: In cases where the penis is closed and hidden by the oily skin tissue called prepubic, the connective tissue that hangs the penis to the body is short, as a result of wrong circumcision and trauma. Improvement is achieved with weight loss and special treatment.

Penile Torsion: Embryological anomaly is usually related to the development of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. The penis is turned to the left correctly. The urethra is also lateral position, the midline tends from below to the upper truth. You definitely need surgical intervention.

Micropenis: It is the condition of the penis length being smaller than usual.

Macropenis: is the rapid enlargement of the penis.

Penile Curvature: It is the S-shaped curve of the penis.

Penoscrotal Transposition: It is the situation where the penis changes place with the bags and develops.

  • Genital Anomalies

Scrotal Hypoplasia: pouch skin is mostly inadequate.

Scrotal Ectopia: It is the situation where the sac is seen outside of where it should be.

Accessory scrotum: It is seen as an empty sac in different areas.

Hypospadias: It is the situation where the penile hole, where the urinary hole should be, is under the pouch. These and similar issues constitute important health problems. It shows significant discomfort due to sexual interest, having children, and psychological reasons. That’s why it should be treated.

Genital Anomalies in the Girl Child

Genital Anomalies

  • clitoris
  • Labium minora (inner lips)
  • Labium majora (outer lips)
  • vagina
  • Cervix (cervix)
  • Body of the uterus
  • Fundus of the uterus
  • Urethra (external urinary tract)
  • Anus
  • rectum
  • Colon (large intestine)
  • Urinary bladder

In order to examine the problems encountered in girls more actively, the genital organs are investigated as internal and external. In this direction, external genital organs; hymen, clitoris, labium minus, short lip and big lips can be listed as. Changes in these organs begin after the 12th week in the womb. All three genital organs begin to form within 6 to 10 weeks. Internal genital organs; cervix, uterus, fallopian tube and ovary. The vagina of foreign origin is the composition of all these organs.


Absence of external genital organs: It is the condition that external genital organs cannot come at all in the mother’s womb.

Hymen imperforatus: It is the absence of the opening that should be in the middle of the uterus. It can be subjected to the macus accumulated in the vagina during the new birth.

Since the blood cannot be taken out, chest pains are taken. Painful urination, frequent urination, lack of menstruation despite the development of breasts, severe cramps should definitely be treated.

Labium hypertrophy: It is the growth of the uterus and wings at birth. Cosmetic treatment can be applied.

Clitoris anomalies: It is a state of deterioration in the internal genital organs.


Vaginal atresia: It is the absence of the vagina, female intimate organ. The disturbing effect is not at first, but with the connection and masturbation situation, significant pain and contraction begin to be seen.

Vaginal agenesis (no vagina): It is very rare, but it can happen. It does not show any symptoms at first. If breast development and sexual maturity for use are not observed, treatment should definitely be done.

Double vagina: organ development disorder.


Double uterus: It is the condition of having two vaginas.

Half uterus: It is the situation where one of the channels forming the uterus does not develop at all.

Congenital anomalies of the ovary: First, they are walled cysts. Although most of them disappear over time, those larger than 5 cm pose a risk. That’s why it should be treated.


Many problems such as genital area diseases, hormonal disorders, genital organ diseases, which can be seen frequently, occur in the womb.

Although it is very rare, in some, bisexual genitalia symptoms can be seen. This situation is called bisexuality. The first diagnosis is the inability to determine gender when looking at the baby.

Female pseudo hermaphroditism: It is known as the most common sexual development disorder. Although the chromosome structure is feminine, it cannot fully develop as a female. Hair growth and deepening of the voice are seen. Mixed male-female symptoms occur.

In such patients, too much male hormone is produced to compensate for the error in the production of cortisol released from the adrenal gland. Because of this, the internal genital organs develop as they should in a normal girl. The outside of the vagina is thickened in the wings, as it does not fully explain. Enzyme deficiency is seen, which causes facial loss. It should be treated with special surgical intervention.

True hermaphroditism: It is the presence of both male testis and female symptoms. Although sexual manifestations can be feminine, they vary depending on the way the child was brought up. This type of mixed babies, psychiatrists, family members, pediatric endocrinology specialists are determined by a committee of worse surgeons. In addition, there are different diseases of genital organs and genital disorders that can be seen rarely.

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