hair loss alopecia |

Hair loss (alopecia)

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Hair, which has been a symbol of health, youth and pleasantness since ancient times, has a strong role in appearance and social position. Therefore, hair loss (alopecia) creates great tension, leading both patients and doctors to seek a cure.

Hair and body hair have different structure, color, elongation and distribution characteristics compared to individual and racial characteristics. Each hair strand has a life cycle independent of other hairs. After years of growth and growth, the hair rests for a while and then falls out. However, since this shedding does not occur at the same time in all hair strands, there is no decrease in hair density and these losses are not noticed. Under normal circumstances, approximately 50-100 mid-hairs are shed each day. In extraordinary situations where hair loss increases, the hair starts to be noticed in the comb, sink or bath tub, and as a result, the anxiety of losing the hair appears. Depending on the causative factors, the hair density decreases rapidly or slowly, and a noticeable opening occurs in the hair.

Hair loss; It can occur in 3 different ways as permanent loss due to the destruction of hair follicles, hair breakage or shedding more than usual. Which of these causes hair loss changes the treatment approach.

Permanent loss of hair follicles may occur after some skin diseases affect the scalp, and the treatment of the disease that causes it becomes valuable in its treatment.

Hair breakage can occur as a result of fungal diseases, hereditary hair shaft abnormalities, or hair loss during styling or dyeing. As a result of the examination findings and some laboratory tests to be performed when necessary, the treatment is planned according to the cause.

Hair shedding more than usual can be in the form of patches from certain areas or in the form of widespread opening. The most common causes are tension, inappropriate weight loss diets or nutritional habits, vitamin deficiencies, anemia, thyroid diseases, chronic infections, hormonal changes, various skin diseases, systemic diseases, the use of certain drugs and genetic factors.

Androgenetic alopecia, one of the most common types of alopecia; It is formed by the effect of hereditary factors and hormones; can occur in both men and women. Although androgenetic alopecia is usually seen in middle age and after menopause in women, it can sometimes start at a very early age. In this type of alopecia, it is noticed that the hair is very thin due to heavy shedding and decreases over time. In men, retraction of the forehead and temple hairline and opening of the hair in the peak area are observed. In women, when the hair is separated from the middle in the hairy area behind the forehead, sparseness, which is defined as the pine tree appearance, draws attention.

Considering many factors such as whether the hair is shed from one area or widely, the characteristics of the skin area where the hair is shed, the condition of the hair follicles, the existing hair being dry, thin, lifeless and dull, whether there is a coexistence of other diseases, and the age of the patient. Patients need to be valued. It is extremely valuable to determine the type of hair loss, to determine the correct diagnosis and effective treatment system.

After revealing the factors that cause hair loss in treatment, the most appropriate treatment alternatives for the cause should be selected. It may be possible to reverse hair loss with treatments and measures to be taken for the detected cause. In addition, treatment methods such as rubbing drugs, injections of drugs into the scalp, oral administration of some systemic drugs can be recommended to patients with different types of alopecia.

In addition to these treatments, many treatment techniques can be used to stop hair loss and to quickly regain new hair instead of dwindling hair. Various shampoos, lotions, some additional nutritional supplements, mesotherapy and PRP systems can also be used to regain the chemical aspects of the hair.

It is necessary to consult a dermatologist for the type of hair loss, its causes and the selection of the appropriate treatment. It should be noted that sometimes the analysis can be very easy.

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