As the weather gets colder, the incidence of pneumonia increases. Pneumonia, the incidence of which increases in advanced age; It can manifest itself with symptoms such as cough, high fever and shortness of breath. In order to be protected from pneumonia, some valuable points need to be paid attention to. Ex. from the Department of Chest Diseases. Dr. Ayhan Bedel told what should be known about pneumonia due to the “November 12 World Pneumonia Day”.
Don’t wait for pneumonia to go away on its own!
Pneumonia is known as an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs fill with fluid or pus, causing coughing with sputum or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. Community-acquired pneumonia is responsible for a significant proportion of medical visits, treatment costs, job losses and deaths worldwide. Pneumonias are infections caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi in the lungs and seen radiologically. It can be unilateral or bilateral. These microbes are mostly transmitted by inhalation. Water droplets released into the air as a result of sneezing or coughing by other individuals can be inhaled and cause pneumonia. Pneumonia is a disease that should not be expected to go away on its own. The diagnosis of the disease should be made by physical examination, sputum, blood tests and lung cinemas, and treatment can be started under the supervision of a specialist without wasting time.
Pay attention to the symptoms of pneumonia!
- Sputum (sometimes bloody)
- Shortness of breath
- chest pain
Drink plenty of fluids to avoid getting pneumonia!
- Some people are more likely to get pneumonia. These;
- Adults aged 65 and over
- children under 5 years old,
- People with ongoing asthma, diabetes or heart disease
- Smokers are at risk.
In the treatment of pneumonia, the microbe causing the pneumonia is determined and antibiotic treatment is applied for it. In addition to antibiotic treatment; Antipyretic, analgesic, expectorant, and sometimes cough suppressant drugs are given. Patients should take plenty of fluids in this process.
The Facts About the Pneumonia Vaccine !!!
Over 65 Should Pay More Attention
A large proportion of patients can be successfully treated without hospitalization. However, patients over the age of 65, who have a chronic disease such as diabetes, kidney failure, heart and respiratory problems, or who do not improve despite 3 days of treatment, whose complaints increase, may need to be hospitalized. The duration of treatment is usually 5-7 days. However, sometimes it can take up to 4 weeks.
Get Vaccinated to Prevent Pneumonia
Since pneumonia is caused by microbes, it is valuable not to be exposed to these microbes as much as possible. For this, closed and crowded places should be avoided, the air conditioners used should be maintained, they should be fed consistently and clothing suitable for the season should be worn. I think it is very valuable for the elderly, children and individuals with chronic diseases to have flu, Covid and pneumococcal vaccines. (BSHA-Science and Health News Agency)