You are in a period when women feel privileged. In this nine-month journey, your whole physiology will change. You will also notice changes in your skin specific to this period. Unfortunately, sometimes undesirable situations can be the subject of words. It is valuable to know the possible skin changes during pregnancy and to take precautions for some. In this article, skin changes seen during pregnancy will be summarized. For more detailed information, it is sufficient to visit your dermatologist.
Intensification of skin color (hyperpigmentation) is a condition seen in almost 90% of pregnant women. It is more obvious in the nipples, genital area, armpits and inner thighs, and in some cases, condensation can be seen in the vertical line extending down from the navel. Concentration in the color of freckles, moles and scars is also a common condition.
Melasma, known as pregnancy mask, which occurs in different situations on the face, is a condition that affects nearly 70% of pregnant women. Although some people may regress ex officio after pregnancy, it is extremely difficult to treat. Moreover, birth control pills can also trigger this situation. It is more valuable to take precautions without the need for treatment, so it is necessary to choose suitable sun-protecting works and ways to protect from both ultraviolet and visible light during pregnancy.
Pregnancy cracks or striae are usually in the 6th-7th day of pregnancy. It is another annoying condition that occurs in the months of pregnancy and affects more than half of the pregnant women. The abdomen, breasts, thighs, and groin may be affected. The color of the cracks, which is initially pink purple, turns white over time. Much weight gain and hormonal changes are blamed for the formation of striae. Anti-stretch creams and frequent moisturizing of the skin will reduce the risk of stretch marks, although they will not completely eliminate them. You can get help from your dermatologist in this bet.
There are also changes in sweat gland and sebaceous gland secretions during pregnancy. Sweating increases, and accordingly, the development of rash and eczema becomes easier. Sebaceous gland secretion increases especially in the last 3 months. Its effect on acne formation is not known exactly. Some pregnant women may develop acne for the first time, and existing acne may improve or become worse.
Hair and nail changes are also seen. There may be a slight increase in hair growth on the arms, legs and back, more obviously on the face. Since it can regress within 6 months after pregnancy itself, it is not a situation to be worried about or take precautions. If the increase in hair growth is very severe, it is valuable, it should be investigated.
During pregnancy, the hair becomes thicker and shiny. This situation, which occurs as a result of the change in the cycle of the hair, returns to normal after the hair cycle becomes old after pregnancy. Therefore, 1st-5th days after pregnancy. There may be a lot of shedding in the hair in months and it can last up to the 15th month. Mostly, this does not cause a reduction in hair compared to pre-pregnancy. When there is a lot of hair loss, it should be investigated. Definitely consult your dermatologist.
There may be transverse lines on the nails, and changes that will not cause problems such that they can break easily.
One of the valuable changes seen in pregnancy is related to the vascular system. Redness on the palms of the hands, spider-like veins, varicose veins, redness in the gums, even vascular benign tumoral formations and swelling, especially in the face, arms and legs, bother more than one pregnant woman. Particular attention should be paid to heirs. Rarely, phlebitis may occur. In doubtful cases, it is necessary to consult a doctor quickly.
Apart from these physiological conditions seen during pregnancy, the course of some skin diseases changes during pregnancy. Atopic eczema, psoriasis, skin-related rheumatic diseases or skin diseases related to the immune system can be affected positively or negatively. Those with known skin diseases should consult their dermatologist before becoming pregnant and should be followed more closely throughout pregnancy.
Finally, it is necessary to talk about skin diseases that occur almost exclusively during pregnancy. Some of these conditions, which are usually in the form of pink red rashes accompanied by itching, can negatively affect the pregnant and the baby. In these cases, it will be useful to consult your dermatologist and get the necessary information and treatment.