Having beautiful and smooth skin is the desire of everyone, especially women. For this, we want to apply daily care to the skin and use various creams. This is very true of our desire, because the care of the skin that is left without care may become more difficult in later ages. Daily care applied according to skin type and age is valuable in terms of not being late for our skin in the future. So what type of art should we use? Are the creams we apply to our skin suitable for our skin type? Could it cause a skin problem?
Dry skin: It is a skin type with a very low moisture content and a dull appearance. If dryness is not taken into account and appropriate moisturizers are not used, this skin type is more affected by the sun and wind, and wrinkles can occur at an earlier age and at a higher rate. In addition, the pores in dry skin are small and closed.
What should people with dry skin pay attention to in skin care?
Heavy and oily moisturizing creams that will moisturize the skin properly, moisture masks, eye creams, creams suitable for the neck area should be used daily. Especially in the winter months, our skin tends to dry out even more, as the humidity in the air will decrease. Moisturizers with a light oil content can be used in summer and heavy and higher oil content moisturizers in winter and autumn. In addition, in areas far from the seaside, the humidity rate is even lower, the skin may become dry and extra moisture may be required. Of course, especially on sunny days, especially in summer, sunscreens suitable for dry skin should not be neglected. Moisturizers with sunscreen content and make-up products can also be preferred. Only those with blemishes, skin disease that can lead to skin cancer, or those who have a sun-triggered skin disease detected by the doctor should use a different sunscreen recommended by their dermatologist.
As the age progresses, moisturizing creams, day and night serums and creams containing aspects such as skin rejuvenating hyaluronic acid can be added. Individuals with dry skin should avoid harsh cleansers and drying soaps, cleansing gels. Milk-type cleansers that do not dry the skin, soaps containing glycerin or olive oil should be preferred. Alcoholic tonics should not be preferred as they will dry the skin. As a make-up remover, milk-type cleansing products that do not contain skin-drying ingredients should be preferred.
Oily skin: Its appearance is shiny and oily. Pores are open. It is a skin type that is prone to acne and blackheads.
What should people with oily skin pay attention to in skin care?
In individuals with this skin type, the oil secretion is higher than usual, and they have a shiny and oily appearance. Cleaning gel or soap suitable for the face, make-up removers, alcohol tonic, cleanser-firming masks and peeling creams that will reduce this appearance should be preferred. Since oily moisturizers can increase acne and blackheads in daily use, very light oil-free moisturizers should be preferred after cleansing the skin. Of course, they should prefer make-up works, especially powder, foundation and blush, from oil-free and non-comedone-making products. They should prefer different creams that are suitable for the eye area and suitable for the neck area. They should not neglect sunscreens suitable for oily skin. Oily skin tends to loosen and sag as the age progresses, and firming, rejuvenating care products and day and night serums can be added in later ages.
Individuals with severe acne (acne) and blackheads should use medical treatments under the supervision of a dermatologist. They should prefer daily care products in addition to medical treatment, again with the offer of their dermatologist.
Individuals whose skin is oily but dehydrated and who suffer from sensitivity, redness and flaking should use creams, oil-balancing masks or creams, milk-type cleansers and make-up removers suitable for sensitive skin, which can reduce the appearance of sensitization and redness, under the supervision of a dermatologist. For daily use, they should prefer very light oil-free moisturizers.
Combination skin: The area around the eyes and cheeks is normal or dry, and the forehead, nose and chin, which we call the T-zone, have an oily appearance. On the oily parts, the pores are open, acne and blackheads can be seen.
What should people with combination skin pay attention to in skin care?
In daily use, gel or milk-type cleansers suitable for the needs of the skin, make-up removers, moisturizers according to the needs of the skin, creams suitable for the eye area and neck area should be used. If necessary, appropriate type of peeling creams, moisturizing firming and oil balancing masks, low alcohol tonic should be used. T-zone should be cleaned, especially if tonic will be used, it should be used only on these areas. Cheeks should be moistened more heavily, T-zone should be moistened less. In humid weather in summer, oily areas may become more oily and acne may occur. During the winter, the cheeks may become very dry, redness and stretching may occur. More moisturizers should be used on the cheeks in winter and autumn than in the season. Drying works should be preferred to the oily T zone. Those with acne problems should use medical treatments with the recommendation of a dermatologist. As the age progresses, rejuvenating care products suitable for combination skin, day and night serums can be added. Especially in summer, sunscreens suitable for combination skin should not be neglected.
People with redness, itching, sensitive skin, and obvious capillaries should use skin care products under the supervision of a dermatologist, as they may have skin diseases such as eczema and rosacea.
Let’s not forget that there is no perfect skin, but it is in our hands to take care of our skin with appropriate products and proper care makes the skin look as beautiful as possible.
Yard. Assoc. Dr. Zahide Eris Eken