Abdominoplasty is basically the process of removing excess skin and fat from the abdomen. Since many people have excess fat at the same time, it is often appropriate to combine it with liposuction. If the abdominal muscles have moved away from the middle border and separated from each other due to reasons such as birth or too much weight, it is also possible to tighten the abdominal muscles during this surgery and thus to reduce the waist to some extent.
There are basically two types of tummy tuck surgery. The first is the classical tummy tuck, in which excess skin is removed from the abdomen and the navel needs to be relocated; the second is a minor tummy tuck, in which some of the tissue underneath the navel is removed without relocating it.
If the sagging is only in the part below the belly button, a small tummy tuck is usually sufficient. If the tissue in the upper part hangs above the belly button, then a classical tummy tuck is required. In both cases, the surgical scar remains, even though it will remain in the bikini or underwear. It is not possible to perform tummy tuck surgery without any scars, even if unknown stitches are used to reduce the scar that will remain.
Tummy tuck is done at adult ages. The risk rate is low in non-smokers. I recommend smokers to quit smoking 1 month in advance. You should not get pregnant in the first year after the operation.
After the operation, you should use an abdominal corset for 2 or 4 weeks, depending on the situation. Pain that can be controlled with oral painkillers is expected in the first days. Your movements and daily activity may obviously decrease in the first week compared to the situation again. You will gradually return to most of your daily activities after 1 week in the usual rules.