Acne (pimples) is a common skin disease characterized by the presence of comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) and inflammatory lesions. Although it can be seen in all age groups, it is often seen between the ages of 12 and 20. Especially due to its psychological effects, it greatly impairs the quality of life.
As the sebaceous glands produce too much oil and the dead skin cells cannot be thrown out, the pores are clogged. Black and white dots are formed. This leads to inflammation with the multiplication of bacteria.
Acne can be caused by medications used for other health conditions. Birth control pills or injections, some hormone pills taken for bodybuilding purposes can trigger acne formation.
It has been shown that some proteins in milk and foods with a high glycemic index (sugar and sugary foods, white bread, rice, potatoes, etc.) cause or exacerbate acne.
Acne patients often have normal hormone levels in blood tests. However, acne can sometimes be caused by an issue with hormones. Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common hormonal issue in women. If complaints such as menstrual irregularity, excessive hair growth or hair loss accompany your acne, inform your doctor.
The clinical condition is classified into 3 categories as mild, moderate and severe. Removal treatments, oral antibiotic treatments and isotretinoin treatment are the main treatment options.