What is FUE and FUT Method?
Hair transplant is a surgical procedure in which a physician removes hair from permanent areas on the back and sides and transplants it into the upper and side areas that are vulnerable to hair loss. Hair loss can be due to a variety of reasons, but the most common is androgenetic alopecia or male pattern baldness (despite the term it is named, it can also occur in women).
There were and still are many different techniques used to perform hair transplant surgery; The most common thing at this point is strip surgery, this strip surgery takes a long scalp module from the cut donor area to produce one or more hair grafts for use in the hair repair process. However, in the first decade of the new millennium, a revolutionary technique emerged that threatened to overtake the old strip technique: the Fue Hair Transplant.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) is a formula to remove or “plant” donor hair in a follicular unit hair transplant procedure. In FUE, an instrument is used to make a small, circular incision in the skin around a follicular unit and is separated from the surrounding tissue. The unit is then removed (pulled) from the scalp, leaving a small open hole.
This process is repeated until the hair transplant surgeon transplants a sufficient number of follicular units for the planned hair repair. This process can take an hour or a few hours, and in large sessions, it can be done over two days in a row.
FUE Hair Transplant Candidates
Advertisements for hair transplants make everyone seem like great candidates for a hair transplant more than once, but this is not always the case.
Young patients (18-25) are generally not ideal candidates because hair loss will probably continue at later ages. Having a hair transplant so early may result in a limited amount of donor hair misdistribution; because the physician does not have a way of knowing exactly how important future hair loss will be.
Hair loss in men and women is usually different in terms of appearance. While hair thinning in men is seen in local areas, thinning in women is spread all over the head. Men are good candidates, except for those with diffuse thinning of hair. Although more than one woman is not an ideal candidate because they have scattered hair loss, some women also experience regional hair loss, which makes them good candidates.
The thicker your hair, the higher the density and the more favorable the results you will get from a transplant. Wavy hair has more volume, giving it a heavier look than straight hair.
Density is defined as the number of hairs per unit surface area and, as expected, the higher the density, the more hair can be used for transplantation.
Asians typically have very straight hair and less follicle density than Caucasians. Patients of Asian descent should consult physicians who have experience with Asian hair. Caucasians have a wide variety of hair and skin types, and those with the most satisfactory results are individuals with thicker, heavier hair and a similar skin tone to hair color. The less contrast between the two, the more favorable results you will get.
More donor hair can be removed from the loose scalp and less scarring. Physicians check the laxity of the scalp before the operation, which shows how much of the donor’s hair can be removed.
Operation and Beautification Procedure
The essence of these procedures is that the hair is transplanted into the bald area as individual follicular units (groups that naturally form 1-4 hairs) so that it looks so natural that it cannot be understood as a hair transplant.
All hair repair procedures are performed under local anesthesia. Hair transplant sessions using thousands of follicular unit grafts can last for a day or even two days in a row; however, medications are given to relax you and the time passes quickly. A movie selection and cable TV will be recommended as part of the procedure. More than one patient wants to listen to music, watch movies or just chat with the doctor and the team.
When you come for a hair transplant, the worker starts the day’s activities. The surgical consent form sent to you is reviewed and other paperwork processes are completed. The doctor examines the established goals and answers any questions you may have.
Before the start of the hair repair procedure, sedatives are given to relax you, but you can stay fully awake if you want.
The length of the hair transplant procedure will depend on how the follicular unit grafts are transplanted. Small sessions usually last one day. Larger FUE sessions will be held several days back.
When placement is complete, the status of all grafts is double-checked. Post-process instructions will be explained and you will be given a hard copy to take home.
A valuable variation can be observed after FUE Hair Transplant. While some may have cosmetic changes that can be seen after 4-5 months, some patients can see improvement after 10-12 months.
During and after the surgery: Some patients may experience swelling of the forehead and face, and in some cases, it may be severe. This is not a sign of infection and usually goes down in 3-5 days and is not painful. However, severe swelling is very rare.
More than one patient does not have pain, some may need paracetamol for pain. Only rarely will the pain become more pronounced.
First 2 weeks: Few people may experience pain from the transplant area. Paracetamol is often sufficient to treat pain.
First 12 weeks: Itching, pimples, swelling, and dry skin are relatively normal. Antihistamines (used for allergic rash), white petroleum (vaseline), or baby oil may be helpful. In larger surgeries, numbness may occur in the transplanted area. The transplanted hair may shed, but the growth center is left intact in the skin.
3-4 months: Elongation begins. Often itching, pimples, swelling, and dry skin disappear. Numbness may persist in the transplant area.
6-8 months: Cosmetic change begins to appear. In almost all patients, drowsiness disappears.
Depending on the anatomical structure, it may take 1-1.5 years and even up to 2 years to obtain definitive results.
What are the Causes of Hair Loss?
There are many causes of hair loss on the scalp and they differ in men and women. This article will cover the common ones. Studies show that it is normal to lose 100-150 hairs a day. Human hair naturally grows in three stages: Anagen, catagen, and telogen. Anagen is the active or growing step. Catagen is a fairly short phase of the natural hair cycle where hair starts to break. Telogen is the resting phase. Hair shedding daily is usually in the resting or late phase of the hair cycle. Normally, about 10% of hair is in the resting or telogen phase. These hairs do not grow and are preparing for periodic shedding.
In general, multiple hair loss is not associated with systemic or internal diseases, nor is a light diet a common factor. Often, hair may be weakened as a result of predetermined genetic factors, family history, and the general aging process. Many men and women, starting in their thirties and forties, may notice mild and multiple occasional normal physiological hair thinning. Other times, the usual life span changes, including discontinuous severe tension, dietary changes, and hormonal changes such as those in pregnancy, puberty, and menopause, can cause reversible hair loss.
In particular, many health conditions, including thyroid disease and iron deficiency anemia, can cause hair loss. While thyroid blood tests and other laboratory tests, including a complete blood count (CBC), are often usual in people with normal hair loss, it is valuable to exclude underlying causes for sudden or significant hair loss. If you are worried about certain basic health issues, you can start by seeing your family doctor, internist, or gynecologist for a basic health screening. Dermatologists are physicians who specialize in skin, hair, and nail problems and can provide further diagnosis and treatment for hair thinning and loss. Sometimes a scalp biopsy may be done to help diagnose severe or unexplained hair loss.
Although many medications list “hair loss” amid potential side effects, medications are not common causes of hair loss or thinning. On the other hand, hair loss is a very common side effect of cancer treatments and immunosuppressant drugs, including chemotherapy. Complete hair loss usually occurs after certain chemotherapy for cancer. Generally, hair reappears after 6 to 12 months.
Hair Loss in Women
Women also lose their hair on a hereditary (genetic) basis, but baldness is more diffused in the female figure. It is less likely to be seen in the peak and front hairlines. Although some women may notice hair loss in their 20s, it takes years for others to see it, as the face of hair loss is gradual. There seems to be the usual physiological thinning that comes with age and is seen in many women in their mid-30s. The main causes of hair loss are in women more than men. These include treatable conditions such as anemia and thyroid disease. Especially women with thyroid disease called Hashimoto’s autoimmune thyroiditis may experience hair loss. These conditions are diagnosed with blood tests. While several studies have suggested that baldness may be inherited through the mother’s family genes, these theories warrant further testing. Existing studies have been inconclusive.
While tales about caps blocking the roots or long hair pulling the roots are more folklore, repeated hair trauma and constant rubbing, such as pulling back tightly knit hair, can potentially mess up or cause localized hair loss in some individuals. Black individuals who have their hair pulled back tightly into a rubber band may develop a localized loss of hair on the front of the scalp.
Hair loss “myths” are of particular importance to women:
Long hair does not force the hair roots.
Shampooing does not accelerate hair loss; those who are ready to fall through remove hair.
Coloring, perming, and shaping the hair does not usually cause hair loss. Burns or major processes can cause hair loss and breakage. Tightly collected hairstyles may cause some losses, but hair dyeing and “chemical substances” usually do not cause hair loss.